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5 definitions found
 for virtual
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Virtual \Vir"tu*al\ (?; 135), a. [Cf. F. virtuel. See Virtue.]
     1. Having the power of acting or of invisible efficacy
        without the agency of the material or sensible part;
        potential; energizing.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Heat and cold have a virtual transition, without
              communication of substance.           --Bacon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Every kind that lives,
              Fomented by his virtual power, and warmed. --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Being in essence or effect, not in fact; as, the virtual
        presence of a man in his agent or substitute.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A thing has a virtual existence when it has all the
              conditions necessary to its actual existence.
                                                    --Fleming.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              To mask by slight differences in the manners a
              virtual identity in the substance.    --De Quincey.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Principle of virtual velocities (Mech.), the law that when
        several forces are in equilibrium, the algebraic sum of
        their virtual moments is equal to zero.
  
     Virtual focus (Opt.), the point from which rays, having
        been rendered divergent by reflection of refraction,
        appear to issue; the point at which converging rays would
        meet if not reflected or refracted before they reach it. 
  
     Virtual image. (Optics) See under Image.
  
     Virtual moment (of a force) (Mech.), the product of the
        intensity of the force multiplied by the virtual velocity
        of its point of application; -- sometimes called virtual
        work.
  
     Virtual velocity (Mech.), a minute hypothetical
        displacement, assumed in analysis to facilitate the
        investigation of statical problems. With respect to any
        given force of a number of forces holding a material
        system in equilibrium, it is the projection, upon the
        direction of the force, of a line joining its point of
        application with a new position of that point indefinitely
        near to the first, to which the point is conceived to have
        been moved, without disturbing the equilibrium of the
        system, or the connections of its parts with each other.
        Strictly speaking, it is not a velocity but a length.
  
     Virtual work. (Mech.) See Virtual moment, above.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  virtual
      adj 1: being actually such in almost every respect; "a practical
             failure"; "the once elegant temple lay in virtual ruin"
             [syn: virtual(a), practical(a)]
      2: existing in essence or effect though not in actual fact; "a
         virtual dependence on charity"; "a virtual revolution";
         "virtual reality"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  31 Moby Thesaurus words for "virtual":
     accepted, basic, between the lines, constructive, covert, cryptic,
     delitescent, dormant, effective, esoteric, essential, fundamental,
     hibernating, hidden, latent, lurking, muffled, mystic, obfuscated,
     obscured, occult, possible, potential, practical, sleeping,
     submerged, under the surface, underlying, understood, unmanifested,
     veiled
  
  

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

  virtual
   adj.
  
      [via the technical term virtual memory, prob.: from the term virtual image
      in optics]
  
      1. Common alternative to logical; often used to refer to the artificial
      objects (like addressable virtual memory larger than physical memory)
      simulated by a computer system as a convenient way to manage access to
      shared resources.
  
      2. Simulated; performing the functions of something that isn't really
      there. An imaginative child's doll may be a virtual playmate. Oppose real
      .
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  virtual
  
      (Via the technical term virtual
     memory, probably from the term "virtual image" in optics)
     1. Common alternative to logical; often used to refer to the
     artificial objects (like addressable virtual memory larger
     than physical memory) created by a computer system to help the
     system control access to shared resources.
  
     2. Simulated; performing the functions of something that isn't
     really there.  An imaginative child's doll may be a virtual
     playmate.
  
     Opposite of real or physical.
  
     [{Jargon File]
  
     (1994-11-30)
  

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