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5 definitions found
 for vitriol
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Sulphuric \Sul*phu"ric\, a. [Cf. F. sulfurique.]
     1. Of or pertaining to sulphur; as, a sulphuric smell.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Chem.) Derived from, or containing, sulphur;
        specifically, designating those compounds in which the
        element has a higher valence as contrasted with the
        sulphurous compounds; as, sulphuric acid.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Sulphuric acid.
        (a) Sulphur trioxide (see under Sulphur); -- formerly so
            called on the dualistic theory of salts. [Obs.]
        (b) A heavy, corrosive, oily liquid, H2SO4, colorless
            when pure, but usually yellowish or brownish, produced
            by the combined action of sulphur dioxide, oxygen
            (from the air), steam, and nitric fumes. It attacks
            and dissolves many metals and other intractable
            substances, sets free most acids from their salts, and
            is used in the manufacture of hydrochloric and nitric
            acids, of soda, of bleaching powders, etc. It is also
            powerful dehydrating agent, having a strong affinity
            for water, and eating and corroding paper, wood,
            clothing, etc. It is thus used in the manufacture of
            ether, of imitation parchment, and of nitroglycerin.
            It is also used in etching iron, in removing iron
            scale from forgings, in petroleum refining, etc., and
            in general its manufacture is the most important and
            fundamental of all the chemical industries. Formerly
            called vitriolic acid, and now popularly vitriol,
            and oil of vitriol.
  
     Fuming sulphuric acid, or Nordhausen sulphuric acid. See
        Disulphuric acid, under Disulphuric.
  
     Sulphuric anhydride, sulphur trioxide. See under Sulphur.
        
  
     Sulphuric ether, common anaesthetic ether; -- so called
        because made by the catalytic action of sulphuric acid on
        alcohol. See Ether, 3
        (a) .
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Vitriol \Vit"ri*ol\, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol,
     Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass,
     vitreus vitreous. See Vitreous.] (Chem.)
     (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron,
         zinc, cobalt. So called on account of the glassy
         appearance or luster.
     (b) Sulphuric acid; -- called also oil of vitriol. So
         called because first made by the distillation of green
         vitriol. See Sulphuric acid, under Sulphuric.
         [Colloq.]
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Blue vitriol. See under Blue.
  
     Green vitriol, ferrous sulphate; copperas. See under
        Green.
  
     Oil of vitriol, sulphuric or vitriolic acid; -- popularly
        so called because it has the consistency of oil.
  
     Red vitriol, a native sulphate of cobalt.
  
     Vitriol of Mars, ferric sulphate, a white crystalline
        substance which dissolves in water, forming a red
        solution.
  
     White vitriol, zinc sulphate, a white crystalline substance
        used in medicine and in dyeing. It is usually obtained by
        dissolving zinc in sulphuric acid, or by roasting and
        oxidizing certain zinc ores. Formerly called also vitriol
        of zinc.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Vitriol \Vit"ri*ol\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. -oledor -olled; p.
     pr. & vb. n. -oling or -olling.] [From Vitriol, n.]
     1. (Metal.) To dip in dilute sulphuric acid; to pickle.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
  
     2. To vitriolize. [Colloq.]
        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  vitriol
      n 1: (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide;
           widely used in the chemical industry [syn: vitriol, oil
           of vitriol, sulfuric acid, sulphuric acid]
      2: abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure
         or bitter deep-seated ill will [syn: vituperation,
         invective, vitriol]
      v 1: expose to the effects of vitriol or injure with vitriol
      2: subject to bitter verbal abuse

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  19 Moby Thesaurus words for "vitriol":
     acrimony, animosity, animus, bad blood, bitter feeling, bitterness,
     feud, gall, hard feelings, ill blood, ill feeling, ill will,
     rancor, soreness, sourness, vendetta, venom, venomousness,
     virulence
  
  

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