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5 definitions found
 for voluntary
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Voluntary \Vol"un*ta*ry\, a. [L. voluntarius, fr. voluntas will,
     choice, from the root of velle to will, p. pr. volens; akin
     to E. will: cf. F. volontaire, Of. also voluntaire. See
     Will, v. t., and cf. Benevolent, Volition,
     Volunteer.]
     1. Proceeding from the will; produced in or by an act of
        choice.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              That sin or guilt pertains exclusively to voluntary
              action is the true principle of orthodoxy. --N. W.
                                                    Taylor.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Unconstrained by the interference of another; unimpelled
        by the influence of another; not prompted or persuaded by
        another; done of his or its own accord; spontaneous;
        acting of one's self, or of itself; free.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Our voluntary service he requires.    --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              She fell to lust a voluntary prey.    --Pope.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Done by design or intention; intentional; purposed;
        intended; not accidental; as, if a man kills another by
        lopping a tree, it is not voluntary manslaughter.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to the will; subject to, or
        regulated by, the will; as, the voluntary motions of an
        animal, such as the movements of the leg or arm (in
        distinction from involuntary motions, such as the
        movements of the heart); the voluntary muscle fibers,
        which are the agents in voluntary motion.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Endowed with the power of willing; as, man is a voluntary
        agent.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              God did not work as a necessary, but a voluntary,
              agent, intending beforehand, and decreeing with
              himself, that which did outwardly proceed from him.
                                                    --Hooker.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Law) Free; without compulsion; according to the will,
        consent, or agreement, of a party; without consideration;
        gratuitous; without valuable consideration.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Eccl.) Of or pertaining to voluntaryism; as, a voluntary
        church, in distinction from an established or state
        church.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Voluntary affidavit or Voluntary oath (Law), an affidavit
        or oath made in an extrajudicial matter.
  
     Voluntary conveyance (Law), a conveyance without valuable
        consideration.
  
     Voluntary escape (Law), the escape of a prisoner by the
        express consent of the sheriff.
  
     Voluntary jurisdiction. (Eng. Eccl. Law) See Contentious
        jurisdiction, under Contentious.
  
     Voluntary waste. (Law) See Waste, n., 4.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: See Spontaneous.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Voluntary \Vol"un*ta*ry\, n.; pl. Voluntaries.
     1. One who engages in any affair of his own free will; a
        volunteer. [R.] --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Mus.) A piece played by a musician, often extemporarily,
        according to his fancy; specifically, an organ solo played
        before, during, or after divine service.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Eccl.) One who advocates voluntaryism.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  voluntary
      adj 1: of your own free will or design; done by choice; not
             forced or compelled; "man is a voluntary agent";
             "participation was voluntary"; "voluntary manslaughter";
             "voluntary generosity in times of disaster"; "voluntary
             social workers"; "a voluntary confession" [ant:
             involuntary, nonvoluntary, unvoluntary]
      2: controlled by individual volition; "voluntary motions";
         "voluntary muscles" [ant: involuntary]
      n 1: (military) a person who freely enlists for service [syn:
           volunteer, military volunteer, voluntary] [ant:
           conscript, draftee, inductee]
      2: composition (often improvised) for a solo instrument
         (especially solo organ) and not a regular part of a religious
         service or musical performance

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  104 Moby Thesaurus words for "voluntary":
     Vorspiel, advised, aimed, aimed at, alternative, arbitrary,
     autonomous, avant-propos, breakthrough, calculated, chosen,
     conative, concert overture, conscious, considered, contemplated,
     curtain raiser, deliberate, deliberated, descant, designed,
     discretional, discretionary, disjunctive, dramatic overture,
     elected, elective, envisaged, envisioned, exordium, foreword, free,
     free will, front matter, frontispiece, gratuitous, independent,
     innovation, intended, intentional, introduction, knowing, leap,
     meant, meditated, nonmandatory, of design, offered,
     operatic overture, optional, overture, planned, postulate,
     preamble, preface, prefix, prefixture, preliminary, prelude,
     premeditated, premise, presupposition, proem, proffered, projected,
     prolegomena, prolegomenon, prolepsis, prologue, proposed, protasis,
     purposed, purposeful, purposive, self-acting, self-active,
     self-determined, self-determining, spontaneous, studied,
     teleological, unasked, unbesought, unbidden, uncalled-for,
     uncoerced, uncompelled, unconstrained, unforced, uninfluenced,
     uninvited, unpressured, unprompted, unrequested, unrequired,
     unsolicited, unsought, vamp, verse, volitional, volunteer, willful,
     willing, witting
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  VOLUNTARY. Willingly; done with one's consent; negligently. Wolff, Sec. 5. 
       2. To render an act criminal or tortious it must be voluntary. If a 
  man, therefore, kill another without a will on his part, while engaged in 
  the performance of a lawful act, and having taken proper care to prevent it, 
  he is not guilty of any crime. And if he commit an injury to the person or 
  property of another, he is not liable for damages, unless the act has been 
  voluntary or through negligence, as when a collision takes place between two 
  ships without any fault in either. 2 Dobs. R. 83 3 Hagg. Adm. R. 320, 414. 
       3. When the crime or injury happens in the performance of an unlawful 
  act, the party will be considered as having acted voluntarily. 
       4. A negligent escape permitted by an officer having the custody of a 
  prisoner will be presumed as voluntary; under a declaration or count 
  charging the escape to have been voluntary, the party will, therefore, be 
  allowed to give a negligent escape in evidence. 1 Saund. 35, n. 1. So Will. 
  
  

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