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1 definition found
 for citizen
From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  CITIZEN, persons. One who, under the constitution and laws of the United 
  States, has a right to vote for representatives in congress, and other 
  public officers, and who is qualified to fill offices in the gift of the 
  people. In a more extended sense, under the word citizen, are included all 
  white persons born in the United States, and naturalized persons born out of 
  the same, who have not lost their right as such. This includes men, women, 
  and children. 
       2. Citizens are either native born or naturalized. Native citizens may 
  fill any office; naturalized citizens may be elected or appointed to any 
  office under the constitution of the United States, except the office of 
  president and vice-president. The constitution provides, that "the citizens 
  of each state shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of 
  citizens in the several states." Art. 4, s. 2. 
       3. All natives are not citizens of the United States; the descendants 
  of the aborigines, and those of African origin, are not entitled to the 
  rights of citizens. Anterior to the adoption of the constitution of the 
  United States, each state had the right to make citizens of such persons as 
  it pleased. That constitution does not authorize any but white persons to 
  become citizens of the United States; and it must therefore be presumed that 
  no one is a citizen who is not white. 1 Litt. R. 334; 10 Conn. R. 340; 1 
  Meigs, R. 331. 
       4. A citizen of the United States, residing in any state of the Union, 
  is a citizen of that state. 6 Pet. 761 Paine, 594;1 Brock. 391; 1 Paige, 183 
  Metc. & Perk. Dig. h.t.; vide 3 Story's Const. Sec. 1687 Bouv. Inst. Index, 
  b. t.; 2 Kent, Com. 258; 4 Johns. Ch. R. 430; Vatt. B. 1, c. Id, Sec. 212; 
  Poth. Des Personnes, tit. 2, s. 1. Vide Body Politic; Inhabitant. 

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